Vachanamrut #GI–43 The Characterisitcs of a Nishkaam/Gnani Bhakta.

43.1 In the Samvat year 1876, on the evening of Mahã sud 7 [22nd January, 1820], Shreeji Mahãrãj was sitting on a decorated bedstead on the veranda outside the east-facing rooms of Dãdã Khãchar’s darbãr in Gadhadã. He had tied a white pãgh around His head. He had covered Himself with a white chãdar and was wearing a white khes as well. Tassels of yellow flowers were dangling from His pãgh, and garlands of yellow flowers adorned His neck. Also, bunches of yellow flowers had been placed above both of His ears. A sabhã of munis, as well as haribhaktas from various places, had gathered before Him.

43.2 Looking at all the bhaktas with a compassionate gaze, Shreeji Mahãrãj said, “I wish to ask a question, so please listen.” He then began, “The Shreemad Bhãgvat Purãn states, ‘Those who are bhaktas of Bhagvãn do not desire any of the four types of mukti’. Other great bhaktas of Bhagvãn also say, ‘Bhaktas of Bhagvãn do not wish for the four types of mukti’. What are the four types of mukti? The first type is to reside in the dhãm of Bhagvãn; the second type is to stay near Bhagvãn; the third type is to assume a svarup similar to Bhagvãn; and the forth type is to attain powers similar to Bhagvãn. These are the four types of mukti. A bhakta of Bhagvãn does not wish for any of these. Instead he only wishes to serve Bhagvãn. Now, my question is, ‘Why does that bhakta not wish for the four types of mukti?’ Please answer according to your ability.”

What is wrong in wishing to be with God, or to live in his abode,( I think we all want to go to akshardham and live with God), what is wrong in attaining powers similar to God, or looking as beautiful as God. ?

I do not think anything is wrong in having those desires. What could be wrong in living close to God? Or his abode?

It can be understood that wanting powers like God is a desire with no association of God, same goes for looking as good as him.

43.3 All the paramhans attempted to answer the question, but were unable to do so adequately.

43.4 Then, Shreeji Mahãrãj said, “Here, I shall answer the question. A person who maintains a desire for the four types of mukti after becoming a bhakta of Bhagvãn is known as a ‘sakãm bhakta’. In contrast, a person who has no desires regarding the four types of mukti, and who only desires to serve Bhagvãn, is known as a ‘nishkãm bhakta’. In fact, the Shreemad Bhãgvat states:

mat-sevaya prateetam cha sãlokyãdi chatushtayam

nechhanti sevaya puranahã krutonyat-kãlaviplutam

If those who are only fulfilled by serving me do not desire the four types of

mukti, such as a place in my dhãm, which are attained by serving me – then

why would they desire anything that is ultimately perishable?

sãlokya sãrshti sãmeepya sãrupyaika-tvamapyut

deeyamãnam na gruhnanti vinã mat-sevanam janãhã

Even if granted a place in my dhãm, powers similar to mine, my closeness, a

svarup similar to mine, or oneness with me, nishkãm bhaktas would not

accept them without my sevã.

43.5 “This means that a nishkãm bhakta of Bhagvãn does not wish for the four types of mukti, if the sevã of Bhagvãn is not included. He only wishes to serve Bhagvãn. In turn, Bhagvãn keeps this nishkãm bhakta in His own sevã. Bhagvãn also insists on granting such a bhakta with His divine powers and bliss, even though the bhakta does not wish for them.

Maintaining a desire for something else after attaining God is a sign of being incomplete, of unfulfillment. This is the biggest flaw in bhakti. One must have no desires when it comes to bhakti. A bhakta Is said to be nishkam, if he has no desires except the desire for God, anything else that one desires, gets classified as a sakaam bhakta. There is nothing wrong in wanting to be with God, or being in his abode, but without God, what is the use of his abode?

It is like a lady who marries a guy for his house and not himself. Same goes for other desires. Until we have desires other than God, we are attached to God for the fulfilment of those desires and not attaining God. So we will not attain God, but since God is gracious, he will fulfil our desires and he himself will go away. A desire for something other than God, a desire which becomes a bigger priority than God, is sakam bhakti. Having such desires clearly shows that our priority, our choice, our love is not God, but it is our selfish interest, because of which we are worshipping God.

Kapil-Dev Bhagvãn has also said:

atho vibhutim mama mãyã-vinastã-maishvaryam-ashtãngama-nupravruttam

shriyam bhagavateem va spruhayanti bhadram parasya me teshnuvate tu loke

Even though my nishkãm bhaktas have no wish for the material wealth of the loks up to and including the lok of Brahmã, for the eight extraordinary powers, or for the auspicious wealth of Bhagvãn, they still enjoy all these in my dhãm.


 “In the Geetã, such a nishkãm bhakta has been referred to as a bhakta with gnãn. A sakãm bhakta, on the other hand, has been referred to as materialistic. Therefore, a bhakta should not wish for anything except the sevã of Bhagvãn. After all, wishing for anything other than the sevã of Bhagvãn is considered to be a flaw. It should be overcome by extreme association with the nishkãm ekãntik bhakta of Bhagvãn.”

A devotee, who has no desires, other than God, is called a Gnani bhakta. Although such a devotee does not desire anything, but God gives him everything out of compassion and grace. So, if we desire something, we miss out on God. But if we have no desires, we get what we love, that is God, and with God, comes all the prosperity that God brings. Hence we should give up all the other desires, and just wish to serve God.


|| End of Vachanãmrut Gadhadã I || 43 || 43 ||

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